regio: 7, insula: 9, civico: 7,8,19,42
Preferred name: Macellum
Alternative names: ASCLEPIEION, AUGUSTALE, AUGUSTALES (COLLEGIO DEGLI), AUGUSTALI (CURIA DEGLI), AUGUSTALS (HOUSE OF THE), AUGUSTEUM, AUGUSTO (TEMPIO DI), COMMESTIBILI (MERCATO DEI), FORUM PISCATORIUM, HOSPITIUM, MACELLUM, MARCHE, PANTEON, PANTHEON, PANTHEUM, PRYTANEUM, SENACULUM, SERAPEO, VESTA (TEMPIO DI), VESTAHEILIGTUM
Type: public buildings
The Macellum of Pompeii is one of the most imposing buildings of the Civil Forum. It is located in its North-East corner and represents the element of connection between the square and the nearby streets. It is formed by a rectangular court provided with a deep colonnade, running all around, and a central 'tholos'. Eleven small rooms, aligned along the South wall, and other three larger rooms along the east wall, are opened on this enclosed space, whereas the 'tabernae' placed along the North and the West sides are not accessible from the inside, being opened respectively onto via degli Augustali and the portico of the Forum. The building was interpreted as a marketplace: indeed, the rectangular 'tholos' and the room in the South-East corner could be related with the sale of fish, as evidenced by the quantity of fish scales that have been found here, and from the water supply system. The rooms on the North and the South sides could be shops equipped with stores on the upper floor. Even the mural paintings, among the finest creations of the Fourth Style, depicting various kinds of birds, fishes and vessels, could be considered as signs of the goods for sale.