regio: 7, insula: 8, civico: 1
Preferred name: Temple of Jupiter or Capitolium
Alternative names: AERARIUM, CAPITOLIO, CAPITOLIUM, CURIA, ERARIO, ERARIO PUBBLICO, ESASTILO NEL FORO (TEMPIO), GIOVE (BASILICA DI), GIOVE (TEMPIO DI), GIOVE, GIUNONE E MINERVA (TEMPIO DI), IUPPITER, CERES E VENUS POMPEIANA (TEMPIO DI), JUPITER (TEMPEL OF), JUPITERTEMPEL, KAPITOL, SENACULUM, TEMPIO DI GIOVE, TEMPLUM IOVIS OPT. MAX., TESORO, TRIADE CAPITOLINA (TEMPIO DELLA), VENERE FISICA POMPEIANA (TEMPIO DI)
Type: public buildings
The prostyle, exastyle temple dominates the entire Forum of Pompeii, with its high podium, being displayed on the North side of the square. A large tribune fills up the staircase leading to the 'pronaos', which is also flanked by two pedestals for statues. The deep 'pronaos' is marked by six Corinthian columns on the front side and three columns on each of the long sides. Other Ionic columns, arranged in two rows, divide the interior of the cell which contains, at the end, a tripartite base for the worship statues. Various changes affected both the structures and the decoration of the temple: an opening in the eastern side of the 'podium' leads to three vaulted rooms, replacing a flight located on the front of the temple, obliterated when the 'pronaos' and the cell were elongated. The base was enlarged and re-decorated in marble and stucco. The columns, the exterior walls and the podium were covered with two layers of stucco. The tripartite base, along with a bust of Jupiter found in the temple, led to the identification of the building with the 'Capitolium', at least during part of its life.