regio: 7, insula: 7, civico: 31,32
Preferred name: Temple of Apollo
Alternative names: APOLLINE (TEMPIO DI), APOLLO (AEDES OF), APOLLO (TEMPIO DI), APOLLOTEMPEL, BACCHUS (TEMPLE OF), CERES (TEMPEL DER), CERES UND VENUS (TEMPEL DER), COLLEGIO DEI VENEREI, FORA VENALIA, MERCURIO E MAIA (TEMPIO DI), NAINS (MAISON DES), PORTICUS, TEMPIO IPETRO, VENERE (TEMPIO DI), VENERE FISICA (TEMPIO DI), VENERE PHYSICA POMPEIANA (TEMPIO DI), VENUS POMPEIANA (AEDES OF)
Type: public buildings
It is a huge, fanced sacred area, located along the west side of the Pompeii Civil Forum. Since the VI century B.C., when it already had its sacred destination, it has undergone many transformations. The remains belong to a tufa, peripteral temple, with Corinthian columns, based on a high podium. The temple is preceded by an altar and surrounded by the four-sided, two levels portico that encloses the area. The cell is paved with 'opus scutulatum', whereas a layer of stucco imitating a marble coating replaces the First Style mural paintings. The entablature of the portico, which had a frieze of triglyphs and metopes without relierf decoration, has been also covered with stucco painted with vegetal motifs and griffins, as well as the Ionic capitals that had been also picked with a chisel, in order to be trasformed into Corinthian ones. Fourth Style mural paintings are on the inner faces of the perimetral walls.