regio: 7, insula: 9, civico: 1,67-68
Preferred name: Eumachia Building
Alternative names: BORSA POMPEJANA, CALCIDICO, CHALCIDICO, CONCORDIA AUGUSTA (PORTICUS DELLA), CONCORDIA AUGUSTA PIETAS (PORTICUS DELLA), EUMACCHIA (CASA DI), EUMACHIA (AEDIFICIUM DI): CHALCIDICUM, CRYPTA ET PORTICUS, EUMACHIA (CALCIDICO DI), EUMACHIA (EDIFICIO DI), EUMACHIA (MONUMENTO DI), EUMACHIA (THE EXCHANGE OF), EUMACHIANA (FULLONICA), FULLONICA, SACERDOTESSA EUMACHIA (EDIFICIO DELLA), STOFFE (MERCATO DELLE)
Type: public buildings
The Eumachia building is located along the east side of Pompeii Civil Forum. It is a very notable building because of its size and its position in relation to the access streets to the public square. It consists of three structures, as stated by the dedicatory inscription placed over the Southern entrance and repeated over the Forum colonnade: 'chalcidicum', 'porticus' and 'crypta'. The first one is generally identified with the space in front of the facade: it appears as an elongated, open area, surrounded by columns and bases for statues on three sides, and by the articulated front of the building on the fourth side. The front presents two rounded exedras, two platforms accessible by stairs and four smaller niches, arranged symmetrically on either sides of the portal. The latter gives access to the 'porticus', the huge interior colonnade ending in three rounded exedras, the central of them being introduced by two pillars and provided with a pedestal for statues. A series of windows and two complete openings put into communication the 'porticus' with the 'crypta', a sort of covered corridor running all around the central court. The entrance on via dell'Abbondanza leads to the 'crypta' in its eastern side, right next to the niche containing the statue of the priestess Eumachia, who is responsible for the erection of the building.