regio: 8, insula: 1, civico: 1,2,6
Preferred name: Basilica
Alternative names: COMITIUM, GIUSTIZIA (PALAZZO DI)
Type: public buildings
The Basilica is located close to the South-East corner of the Civil Forum of Pompeii, being the Southern limit to via Marina, the road that lead from the harbor to the public square. It is an elongated hall, consisting of a huge central space and a corridor running all around, separated by a row of Ionic brick columns. In front of the hall there is a narrow vestibule, which is accessed from the Forum through five openings bordered by four tufa pillars. As many columns as the pillars, alligned with them, lead to the hall through some basalt steps. The building is paved with 'opus signinum', whereas the perimeter walls are covered by First Style paintings and decorated with half-columns similar to those of the central colonnade. At the end of the building there is the 'tribunal', a sort of platform with columns on the front, placed over a vaulted room, which can be reached through two lateral flights. The Basilica is generally dated to the II century B.C.. It was intended for commercial transactions and for the administration of justice.